For rescuers like Mirani, saving the Indus River dolphin is a civic responsibility. KATIE ARMSTRONG, NG STAFF. 2021 National Geographic Partners, LLC. Ans: Rivers have served men in the following ways: “They have served as trade route before the road and railways constructed people on trade by boats and ships”. Submitted By: Ahmed. Beyond dams, water pollution and industrial waste dumped into the Indus pose the gravest long-term threat to the dolphins. The Sindh Wildlife Department has spread the word to local communities to call a hotline if they spot a trapped dolphin in a pond or canal. The British supervised the construction of one of the most complex irrigation networks in the world. We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. Today, the 200-pound cetacean only occupies 20 percent of its original range. Some 110 drains of the Left Bank Outfall Drain are spread in the Sukkur and Kotri barrages with a length of 968 miles. The barrages were built in the mid-20 th century to control flooding and provide irrigation, and in some cases have been repurposed for power plants. Now, they’ve not only cut off the dolphins’ ability to migrate; their diversions also can lead to dangerously low water levels. It is connected to almost 6166-mile long canal network to irrigate almost 5 million acres of agricultural land. The devices make a ting ting sound, inaudible to humans, that dolphins avoid. Sukkur Barrage (Sindhi: سکر بئراج ‎, Urdu: سکھر بیراج ‎) is a barrage on the River Indus near the city of Sukkur in the Sindh province of Pakistan.The barrage was built during the British Raj from 1923 to 1932 and was named Lloyd Barrage.The Sukkur Barrage, is the pride of Pakistan's irrigation system as it is the largest single irrigation network of its kind in the world. Guddu Barrage (Guddubarrage) - (Pakistan) Map, Weather and Photos. 1963 C. 1964 D. 1965. As the water softly laps against the rocky riverbank, a pink dolphin surfaces with a splash, then disappears beneath the water. We fish, and we take care of the dolphin,” says Mirani, as he sits in the shade of a tree and looks out at the sun-streaked river. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- It controls the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. Construction of a single additional spur on the left bank of the River Indus upstream of Guddu Barrage to improve the river approach conditions. Your email address will not be published. B. Jhelum River Another technology that could help conserve dolphins is planting “pingers” near the openings to canals. Guddu Barrage is used to control water flow in the River Indus for irrigation and flood control purposes. Guddu Barrage Guddu barrage was constructed in the regime of Presidentt Sikandar Mirza across Indus River near Sukhur. (See beautiful underwater photos of freshwater animals. Fish passes in Kotri barrage were not properly designed to facilitate migration of hilsa. The Bronze Age civilization, which blossomed in the Indus River valley, is known for its urban planning and advanced drainage systems. Sukkur barrage was inaugrated by lord Wellington on 13th jan 1932. Ans: Rivers have served men in the following ways: “They have served as trade route before the road and railways constructed people on trade by boats and ships”. Fishermen in these provinces tell an origin story for the species. Q.1 What is a barrage? Ans: The Guddu Barrage is one of the biggest barrages in Pakistan, which has been built on the Indus river. A barrage is a kind of wall constructed across the river which has gates. We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. Many of the animals get stuck in pools or canals due to widespread diversion dams called barrages. A dolphin calf had swum out of the river and beached in a field in Faiz Ganj Wah, more than 120 miles from Sukkur. On its sturdy body, a small dorsal fin maintains stability as it swims. Guddu Barrage: The barrage is 1355 m (4445 ft.) long and is now considered to pass flood discharges of 34,000 cumec (1.2 million cusec). The Guddu Barrage is 1,350 m (4,430 ft) long – irrigating Sukkur, Jacobabad, Larkana and Kalat. 2. population of 132 in 1972 to 1,987 in 2018. Rehabilitation & Modernization of Guddu Barrage Social Management Framework Executive Summary Guddu Barrage, located in the district of Kashmore in the north of Sindh Province, was constructed during 1957-1962 and has shown deterioration in the superstructure, weakness of barrage gates and corrosion of head regulator gates. THE GUDDU BARRAGE . Another small population of at least seven animals live in India’s Beas River, an Indus tributary. The Guddu Barrage - Chapter Summary - English IX Chapter Summary from "The Guddu Barrage" for class 9th, D(, Ninth Class There are two main problems connected with the rivers. Nazir Mirani, the son of a fisherman, has worked with Sindh Wildlife for 30 years; he has bite marks on his hands from past rescues. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. However, a rigorous government conservation program has educated local communities, rescued stranded dolphins, and is steadily increasing their numbers, Khan says. Q.4 What are the benefits of Guddu Barrage? Works include:  Strengthening, raising and widening of the existing upstream and downstream embankments and river training works on the left and right banks of the River Indus at Guddu Barrage. (Read about the first new species of river dolphin found in a century.). After construction of Sukkur barrage in 1932, hilsa migration was limited to Sukkur barrage since it doesn’t have any fish passes. This quiet riverside park in the southern city of Sukkur, popular with families out for a stroll, is also home to the endangered Indus River dolphin, one of only four freshwater dolphin species left on Earth. on Gudu Barrage was constructed on which river? The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. He remembers the gharial, a crocodile that once lived in the Indus but is now locally extinct..He doesn’t want the dolphin to suffer the same fate. When the dolphin hears the sound of fishermen’s engines on their small boats, it approaches and swims with them.” (Read about dolphins in Brazil who help fishermen make their catch. Ans. People rescue two Indus river dolphins in the Kirthar Canal, near Sukkur. More than 5000 people worked day and night to put it into operation on February 4, 1962. The sonar is so advanced that it can sense the difference between a dead or living fish. It control the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. it is 2984 Feet Long and started in 1955 13th March. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. a population of 132 in 1972 to 1,987 in 2018. D. Tigris River. Guddu barrage is built on the river Indus and it put in to operation on 4 th 1962. More than 5000 people worked day and night to put it into operation on February 4, 1962. In 2019, WWF-Pakistan and Sindh Wildlife Department rescued a female Indus River dolphin from Dadu canal, in the Larkana district, and transported her via ambulance back to the river. Until hunting was banned in the 1970s, some fishing communities hunted the dolphin for food or for blubber that they mixed with oil to coat their boats. It has gates through which the water passes in a limited quantity. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river A: Jhelum. Read More .  Construction of a single additional spur on the left bank of the River Indus upstream of Guddu Barrage to improve the river approach conditions. But once, she fails to make an acceptable offering—and the river spirit transforms her into a dolphin. President Iskander Mirza laid the foundation-stone of Guddu Barrage on 2 February 1957. Guddu barrage is built on the river Indus and it put in to operation on 4 th 1962. Descon Bags Project from Maple Leaf Cement Factory Ltd. Question: Guddu Barrage Is Built On Sutluj River Jehlum River Ravi River Indus River Answer: Guddu Barrage Is Built On Indus River Indus River is the location of guddu barrage. In a secluded pocket of Pakistan’s Lab-e-Mehran park, the smooth waters of the Indus River break into circular ripples, and the head of a pale gray dolphin appears. We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. Modern peoples of the Sindh and Punjab Provinces are considered the Harappa’s direct descendants, and value the dolphin as part of their heritage. The dolphin’s long beak easily snaps up fish and other prey. Q3. Descon Engineering Limited, Construction Division has won a project for construction of Act2 50MW Wind Power Complex & Artistic 50MW Wind Power Complex at Jhimpir, Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan. For one, these marine mammals are very sensitive to loud noises and human presence, and can suffer from health problems such as high blood pressure when being evacuated. Its colors—brown, a range of grays, or rarely, a dusky pink—help the animal blend into the sediment-laden river. SOURCE: BRAULIK AND OTHERS, “HABITAT FRAGMENTATION AND SPECIES EXTIRPATION IN, FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS; CAUSES OF RANGE DECLINE OF, THE INDUS RIVER DOLPHIN (PLATANISTA GANGETICA MINOR),”, Throughout the 20th century, the widespread construction of diversion dams, called barrages fragmented the range of the Indus River dolphin. 2. KATIE ARMSTRONG, NG STAFF. “In the past, some people used to eat the dolphin. The answer to them is a barrage. It control the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. Studies have found DDT and other pesticides in the animals’ tissue, according to Uzma Khan, Asia coordinator for WWF’s River Dolphins Initiative. 2. How have rivers served men? For fisherman Gul Mohammed Mirbar, the dolphin is a lifelong companion; he was 10 years old when he first saw one. (See videos revealing the power of dams—and dam removal.). But a dam at the western end of the park restricts their ability to travel freely during the monsoon season, a crucial part of their life cycle. Guddu Barrage Is Built On. My father told them, Don’t eat the dolphin, because this is an innocent animal, and it’s the beauty of the river.”, Much about the Indus dolphin remains shrouded in mystery, including this: What happens to rescued dolphins once they’re set free in the river? Construction of the barrage was started in 1927 and was commissioned in 1932 with command area of about 8 million acres/3.2 million hectors; about 80% of the agricultural land in Sindh depends on this Sukkur Barrage. Engro, an energy company that works with the thermal power plant connected to Guddu dam, did not respond to requests for comment about the dam’s impacts on the species. One is how to get water from them all the year round and the other is how to escape from their floods. The barrage is 1355 m in length and has three main feeder canals . … The rescue process isn’t easy. The remaining Indus dolphins are concentrated mostly in the Pakistani province of Sindh, in a 410-mile stretch of river between the Guddu and Kotri dams. Your email address will not be published. The barrage is 1355 m in length and has three main feeder canals. It is one of the important barrages of Pakistan. “You have to really put in effort [in fishing], or else you can’t catch up with the dolphin. Guddu Barrage, located in the district of Kashmore in the north of Sindh Province, was constructed during 1957-1962 and has shown deterioration in the superstructure, weakness of barrage gates and corrosion of head regulator gates. The maneuver allows the dolphin to move between shallow pools of water in the dry season—but it can’t help the animal cope with the Indus River’s dams. ), The dolphin has evolved to thrive in the Indus. “Every rescued animal needs to be tagged,” Uzma Khan says. 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